Stage 1 Breast Cancer
When someone is diagnosed for suffering stage 1 breast cancer, she will be shocked and feel fear. Feel that her world will be end, afraid of die. But doesn’t worry, detecting breast cancer as early as possible make your survival chance higher. Early stage breast cancer can be successfully treated into cure. Staging of a cancer is just an aspect of your diagnosis, after that you will have another test before you have a comprehensive diagnosis and treatment plan. To get proper treatments, you have to know signs of early breast cancer and types of the first stage.
Signs of early and stage 1 breast cancer
Indonesia Cancer Foundation has given some signs to diagnose early breast cancer before it comes to stage 1 breast cancer. Those signs are; first, beware if you have urinate and digestive disorder, difficult to swallow, second, unrecovered cough or wound, third, wary if you have bump on your breast, black spot that become higher and itchy and fourth beware also if you experience abnormal blood or mucus that come out from your body. Those are signs of early cancer. If the signs are being ignored, there is a chance to be in higher stage. Stage 1 is categorized into 1A and 1B.
How to categorized 1A stage breast cancer? This stage is when the tumor sized 2 cm or smaller (like the size of a pea or shelled peanut), and has not spread outside the breast, while 1 B happened when small parts of cancer cells spread to lymph nodes. Stage 1 breast cancer has been scored with unique number of T1 N0 and M0. TNM stand for Tumor, Node Status, and Metastasis. For example, if your tumor scored T1, it is 2 cm or smaller in size and it may have micro metastasis of 0.1 cm or less. If there is no tumor found in your breast, but cancer cells are detected in nearby lymph nodes, it is scored as N1.
First treatment of stage 1 breast cancer is Surgery. Surgery is divided into two; Breast Sparing Surgery and Mastectomy. Breast Sparing Surgery takes out the breast area which is infected by cancer. Mastectomy is removing one entire breast or both breasts. Mastectomy usually followed by reconstructive surgery. This kind of surgery may be taken when the tumor located in deep inside breast, or strong family history of breast cancer.
Radiation and Hormone Therapy is another treatment. Commonly, The Radiation Therapy is given externally five days a week over the six weeks course. Usually, Radiation Therapy is given after breast-sparing surgery to kill and destroy the remnants of cancer cells from the surgery. Hormone therapy may be recommended if the tumor is found to be hormone receptor-positive. It usually uses aromatase inhibitors or tamoxifen. Tamoxifen is given as a pill and works by blocking the activity of estrogen; this is used for more than 30 years to treat breast cancer. Aromatase inhibitors are usually given for women who have already gone through menopause; it works by avoiding the body of making estradiol, a form of estrogen. Those are examples of stage 1 breast cancer treatment.