Prostate cancer is an existing of malignant tumor in prostate. Prostate is a part of reproduction system. It is placed in front of rectum as a small gland which produces substance to fertile and protects sperm. The size is as big as walnut. When ejaculation is happen prostates will take out this substance along with sperm to urethra. Prostate is second most common cancer which attack men according to WHO. Approximately 1, 1 million men affected by this cancer and 307.000 mortalities of this disease were noted in 2012. This cancer can be aggressive and spread quickly, or growing slowly and not spread.
Who have higher risk of prostate cancer?
Those who have higher risk of prostate cancer are men with obesity, high consumption of animal protein and red meat. Men who have early sexual activities also have risk to get this disease, or men who have more than one sexual partner. Watch out also historical health of family, because men who have close family affected by this cancer also have higher risk than who has not. Age is also become factor to be affected. Research has discovered that 1:200.000 men affected this cancer in age of 40’s. Risk is getting higher for men in age 50’s, because the comparison is 12:100.000 while in 60’s the comparison become 12:10.000.
There are several ways to detect prostate cancers such as DRE (Digital Rectal Examination), Prostate Biopsy and Ultrasound Trans Rectal. DRE is done by inserting finger which is covered by glove to rectum. By this test, doctor will find or feel if there is a gobbet inside. Additionally, prostate Biopsy is done if there is a symptom and diagnose of this cancer. Doctor will take sample tissue of patient. Computer scan will be done if the test is positive to know whether tumor has spread or not. Ultrasound Trans rectal use sound wave to get prostate gland visualization. Commonly, this is done along with prostate biopsy.
Prostate cancer can be prevented even if you have history of this cancer in your family. Gene is like a gasoline and life style is the fire, you will never burn if you don’t light the fire. Based on the higher risk persons above, you have to decrease consumption of red meat or animal protein and be faith to your couple. European Cancer Congress in Amsterdam also did research to prevent prostate, those are doing exercise, stop smoking, and eat more tomatoes. These studies included 21.000 men and it lessens cancer risk until 47 percent. As we know that tomato contains antioxidant substance called Lycopene which prevent free radical substance to damage our cells.
Most of disease comes from life style. If we follow healthy life style, then we become group with lower risk. So start from now, extend consumption of vegetable protein, avocado, grains and legumes which contain low cholesterol, also ask your wife to cook with vegetable oil to get more healthy food. Do not be lazy to do exercise to swift your metabolism. Even patient with prostate cancer have higher survival rate if he does suggestion above.