Low White Blood Cell Count Treatment for Neutropenia Patients
Low white blood cell count treatment is one form of prevention for Neutropenia. Neutropenia is a condition of low white blood cell in the bloodstream of your body. This disease reduces your body’s ability to protect your body against bacteria or virus infection. Actually, the immune of your body does not work as usual if you has low white blood cell. It can increase the risk of bacteria or virus infection. Normally, your body will produce 4.500 to 11.000 WBCs per cubic millimeter of white blood. This amount is the normal level of white blood cell in your bloodstream. Someone who is diagnosed to have low white blood cell will get recurrent infections or unusual infections. Bone marrow examination is one way to discover the presence of white blood deficiency diseases. The treatment measures such as low white blood cell count treatment is a prevention from many diseases especially Neutropenia.
Medical Treatment of Low White Blood Cell Count Treatment
The low white blood cell count treatment should be adjusted from the cause and severity of the Neutropenia disease. Sometimes, the bone marrow recovers its part by itself. It does not need a medical treatment. It can be done by Neutropenia patients in low level. Someone can be categorized a patient with low Neutropenia if he/she has more than 500 neutrophils / microliter of blood.
For someone who is diagnosed as a patient with severe Neutropenia, Medical treatment is the only way to prevent this disease. Severe Neutropenia is someone’s condition which only has less than 500 cells / microliter of blood in their bloodstream. Patients should be treated at the hospital and immediately given strong antibiotics if they get an infection of their body. It should be done even the cause of the infection and the affected area was found by the doctor. This treatment is used to protect the body from the bacterial infection. The growth factors which can stimulate the amount of white blood cells sometimes can help the treatment. The medical therapy by using granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) is also filled in low white blood cell count treatment.
Besides those treatments, the using of Filgrastim and Pegfilgrastim is also used in low white blood cell count treatment. Filgrastim is given in daily injections for Neutropenia patients. The example of Filgrastim is Neupogen medicine. And for Pegfilgrastim itself, it is given in sigle dose of Neutropenia patients. The patients can get pegfilgrastim by having Neulasta medicine. Those medicines contain of cytokines. It is a type of protein which can stimulate the bone marrow to produce more white blood cells. The side effects of using Filgrastim and Pegfilgrastim are fever, chills, fatigue, and aching in the bones. The patients potentially get itchiness and redness may in the injection spot. In some case, Neutropenia patients are also given Sargramostim. That medicine will inject peripheral blood stem cells in infection area. So, the Neutrophil or white blood cell production will increase to the normal level.
If Neutrophils are trapped in the enlarged spleen, the spleen removal can be done in medical treatment. If this treatment fails, it is needed a bone marrow transplant for the patients. The bone marrow transplant can cause some side some effect and significant toxic effect. So, it needs a long term treatment to the patients. Those treatments are several of medical treatment for Neutropenia especially in low white blood cell count treatment.